The 5 Least Affordable Housing Markets
1. Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles, CA was the least affordable market yet again this month, continuing its reign for the fourteenth straight month. Real estate prices decreased slightly to a median of $910,000 from $915,000 last month, leading to a 0.55% drop in homeownership burden. The average family in the city would need to allocate 92.52% of total annual income in order to own a home.
2. Miami, FL
Miami, FL saw its homeownership burden increase 0.96% over the past month, as real estate prices became more expensive. Given the median household income of $33,999, median real estate prices and local taxes, a household in Miami would need to spend $2,556 per month on homeownership costs, equating to 90.23% of total annual income.
3. New York, NY
New York, NY remained stable despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Though real estate prices have not materially decreased, new overall listing volumes have come down, signalling that NYC homeowners are waiting out the crisis in order to sell. Current owners are also holding onto higher asking prices in the hopes that the market will recover.
The median asking price in NYC this month was $899,000, meaning that given standard taxes and mortgage rates, a family would need to spend $4,103 per month in order to own a home in the city.
4. San Francisco, CA
San Francisco, CA saw a moderate 1.72% increase in its homeownership burden, driven by an increase in home prices to $1.475 million. Given household incomes of $96,265, alongside local tax and mortgage rates, the average family in SF would need to spend $6,723 per month in order to own a home. This equates to roughly 84% of median household income.
5. Newark, NJ
Newark, NJ remained steady as the fifth most expensive city this June. Asking real estate prices increased this month to a median of $320,000, up from $317,500 last month. This led to a 0.79% increase in homeownership burden for the city.
The 5 Most Affordable Housing Markets
1. Detroit, MI
Detroit, MI was the cheapest market to own a home yet again this month. Median real estate prices increased to $52,900. Given a standard mortgage, as well as local tax rates, the costs of owning a home in Detroit were only $320 per month, or about 13.79% of annual household income.
2. Wichita, KS
Wichita, KS was the second most affordable city on our list, with a homeownership burden of just 17.28%. Median household income in the city was strong at $48,982, particularly as real estate prices hovered at $137,000. Given a mortgage and local taxes, the typical Wichita household would only need to spend $705 per month on homeownership costs.
3. Fort Wayne, IN
Fort Wayne, IN saw a 1.9% increase in its affordability index this month, as home prices increased to $142,600 from $139,945 in our last report. Given a standard mortgage, local taxes, and median annual incomes in Fort Wayne, the average family should expect to allocate $689, or 18.04% of the median household income to own a property.
4. Cleveland, OH
Cleveland, OH remained steady as the fourth most affordable market for homeowners, despite a 5.31% increase in homeownership burden this month. Median real estate prices were $84,250, alongside household income of $27,854. The average family in Cleveland would only need to spend $457 on housing costs, or 19.71% of annual income.
5. Bakersfield, CA
Bakersfield, CA rounds out the top five affordable cities for the second straight month. Real estate prices rose slightly, leading to a modest 0.92% increase in homeownership burden. The average family in Bakersfield would need to allocate $1,094 per month toward the costs of owning a home, equating to 21.87% of annual income.
Notable Changes This June
Orlando, FL dropped six spots to 43rd place on our list, as home prices slid to a median of $264,000 from $279,400 last month. The city’s homeownership burden decreased 5.51% in the month to 34.31%.
Memphis, TN increased five spots to take 64th place. Median real estate prices rose to $175,000 from $169,000 last report. The average family in Memphis would need to allocate $941 per month, or 29.54% of total income, towards the costs of owning a home.
The RealtyHop Housing Affordability Index analyzes both proprietary and ACS Census data to provide an index of housing affordability and homeownership burden across the 100 most populous cities in the country. Median home prices are calculated using over 300,000 listings in the RealtyHop database over the month prior to publication.
To calculate the index, the following statistics are used:
1) Median household income from the U.S. Census
2) Median for-sale home listing prices via RealtyHop data
3) Local property taxes via ACS Census data
4) Mortgage expenses, assuming a 30-year mortgage, 4.5% interest rate, and 20% down payment.
See below for the previous RealtyHop Housing Affordability Indexes: